Santa Eulalia schooner, Barcelona
On the Moll de la Fusta promenade near the Rambla del Mar bridge, is moored the largest exhibit of the Maritime Museum of Barcelona, the Santa Eulalia schooner.
The ship was built in January 1919 at the shipyards of Torrevieja. She was mainly used to transport grain, wood, salt and ore across the Mediterranean, and her first name was "Carmen Flore" it was named after the shipowner's daughter.
The schooner was built as a three-masted ship and for a long time was a purely sailing ship. In 1928, the schooner was modernized - the middle mast was removed and a diesel engine was installed.
In 1931, it acquired a new name, "Puerto de Palma" and was used for smuggling between Barcelona and the Balearic Islands, for which it was subsequently confiscated.
For the next 40 years, the ship was used to transport passengers and cargo, until in 1973, another new owner converted it for underwater and rescue operations, at the same time renaming it Sayremar One.
Finally, in 1997, the old and badly battered ship is purchased at auction by the Maritime Museum of Barcelona. After collecting historical and technical information that allowed us to recreate the original appearance of the three-masted schooner, a painstaking restoration began in 1998.
The schooner again became a three-masted ship, the entire rigging was renewed, and the spar was cut off. This was the first such experience of the Maritime Museum and one of the first in all of Spain. The schooner received its new name in honor of Saint Eulalia, the patron Saint of Barcelona.
The vessel belongs to the class of Pilot's boat (Spanish: Pailebote), the name comes from the small sailing schooners used by pilots of British ports in the second half of the 19th century. Later, this type of vessel was also used for cargo transportation.
Vessels of this type have two or three masts of the same height, equipped with Bermuda sails, are easy to control and develop a good speed.
Another distinctive feature of the pailebote is a rotary boom in the bow, which allows you to very simply control the foremast's forward sail, which provides high maneuverability.
Living quarters are located in the aft part, where you can go down a steep ladder.
The crew on this type of vessel was small and was located in one compartment.
In the room, you can see bunks for sleeping, lockers for personal belongings, and tables for eating with characteristic sides around the edges, so that dishes do not roll off the table during the pitching.
There is also a selection of old photos and drawings of vessels of this type.
As well as memorials about the participation of parades of historical ships in Lisbon, Palermo and Venice.
The bow compartment on sailing ships is traditionally used for storing sails and rigging, fishing stocks.
They are also engaged in repairing them, as well as other repair works.
The superstructure contained a small galley. Plumbing equipment, of course, is modern, but everything else corresponds to the appearance of the early 20th century.
Ship's bells (in the Russian Navy they are called "Rynda") appeared in the British Navy in the 15th century, then spread to other countries. The bell served as a clock, its sound was repeated every half hour, and it was also used to signal in the fog. The bell was and remains an indispensable attribute of ships, bearing its name on its surface.
The schooner is open for inspection every day, except Monday, in the morning from 10 am to 8 PM, moving from 13: 30 to 14: 30. A visit to the ship is included in the ticket price of the Maritime Museum.
In summer, on Saturdays, access is open from 14: 30, because in the morning the Saint Eulalia departs for a three-hour cruise along the coast of Barcelona. You can book a boat trip by phone or email (up-to-date information is available on the Museum's website).
In terms of the number of museums and monuments related to the history of the fleet and shipbuilding, Spain occupies one of the first places in the world, second only to the "lady of the seas" of great Britain and the United States. The Central naval Museum in Madrid, the Maritime museums in Cartagena, Cadiz, and Malaga are not a complete list of objects that attract the attention of lovers of naval history.